The La Patau Way of Building the Cenrana Fortress
The Cenrana site, Cenrana District, Bone Regency is a legacy of La Patau Matanna Tikka, the 16th king of Bone.
La Patau Matanna Tikka was born on 3 November 1672 and died on 17 September 1714. He was appointed the 16th king of Bone on 6 April 1696.
His full names are La Patau Matanna Tikka, Sultan Alimuddin Idris, Walinonoe To Tenribali Malae Sanrang Matinroe ri Nagauleng. He was the king after his uncle La Tenritatta Arung Palakka died.
During his reign in Bone, La Patau Matanna Tikka always tried to establish bilateral relations with other major kingdoms such as Luwu and Gowa.
In building a close relationship is done through marriage between royal families. Therefore, he married Luwu We Ummu Datu Larompong’s umbrella daughter from the Luwu royal family.
In addition, to build a family with Gowa, he married Sitti Mariama Karaeng Patukangan, a daughter of Somba from the kingdom of Gowa. Not only that,
He also established kinship through marriage with surrounding kingdoms such as the Mampu and Soppeng kingdoms.
The success of La Patau Matanna Tikka in carrying out its mission is illustrated in the creation of a fort in Cenrana.
The mountain stones used to build the fort were imported from the Mampu kingdom which is currently around Mount Mampu. This was done because in the Cenrana area it was scarce with the stones needed.
The process of lifting stones from the Mampu kingdom to Cenrana is carried out by means of a chain (relay). Thousands of workers lined up along Mampu-Cenrana.
Those workers stand every fifty meters then are passed again to other workers. So that workers do not feel a tiring load when lifting stones.
The culture of mutual cooperation has apparently been implemented by La Patau Matanna Tikka so that the heavy work will be light.
The fort gate at the Cenrana site was deliberately built which in front of it was a direct road to the Mampu area after crossing the Watu river.
Previously, there was a dam (bugis: teppo ‘) on the Watu river, but it was carried away by the current so that the area was called rumpa’e (which broke).
Facing it the castle gate towards Mampu indicates the importance of access between Cenrana-Mampu.
Along the road to the Mampu kingdom there are toponyms (place names) such as Allappungeng (gathering place), Getteng (interesting), Attang (south), Maralle (the area between the two villages).
Other toponym areas are Adingnge (a kind of edible tree), Turungeng (a road that descends to the river), Sijelling (glancing at each other), Pattiro Mampu (a capable area has been seen).
The giving of the names of the toponym areas was a process of community activity and mobility led by La Patau Matanna Tikka during the kingdom of Bone, which was centered in the Bone Balla Cenrana palace.